Polyarthritis, What Are The Causes

Published: 11th August 2009
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Polyarthritis is any type of arthritis that affects five or more joints. An oligoarthritis on the other hand refers to an inflammation of two, three or four joints. This condition can affect anyone regardless of age, gender or even race. This disorder is mostly caused by auto-immune disorders.

Autoimmune diseases are caused by abnormalities in the immune system which make the body to attack its own joints as well as other connective tissues. The immune system targets proteins which are normally present in the body as antigens and then attacks them causing pain as well as inflammation.

Examples of auto-disorders include rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, psoriatic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. Signs and symptoms of this disease include pain in the joints, swelling as well as redness of the skin in the affected area. Others are warmth and bogginess of the affected joint. If this disease goes untreated, it can restrict your movements and even lead to deformation.

This condition can also be caused by certain infections or even certain types of cancers. Infection with an alphavirus such as Chikungunya Virus or Ross River virus can also lead to this disease. Here it will be referred to as Alphavirus Polyarthritis Syndrome. This syndrome has an incubation period of 3 to 21 days depending on the specific virus. Signs and symptoms include gradual or sudden onset of fever, headache and arthralgias. Others are lymphadenitis and conjunctivitis. Sleeping on a firm mattress and a flat pillow are said to help relieve some symptoms associated with this disease.

Mercy Maranga Reports on Health and Fitness issues. Visit Her Site here for more information on arthritis and its treatmentArthritis

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